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Design of Smart Homes

Design of Smart Homes

Everyday our lifes getting more directed by technology. Smart homes become more popular and it will place an important place in our lives.

Smart home technology was created to provide automatic and coordinated operation of all systems of life support and safety. It recognizes changes outside and inside, reacting to them appropriately because of the user’s command or independently.

Smart Home

The main feature of this technology is the integration of individual subsystems and devices into a single complex which is controlled by the automation.

Modern apartments, flats, cottages, country houses represent a sophisticated engineering complex. Smart home is able to take on the responsibility for the management of energy system, heating systems, plumbing, ventilation and conditioning.

The work of such systems must be coordinated so that the owner will have a possibility to get  the maximum benefit from using them. Thus, the batteries will not heat a room with open windows pointlessly and wireless technologies will allow the client to be informed of any emergency situation immediately, no matter where he is.

Today smart homes technologies attract more and more people who appreciate comfort and modern technical solutions. However, it should be noted that the arrangement of the smart home is a serious step and the final result depends on how well the prepare for selection, installation and commissioning of all systems was made.

One of the options for creating a smart homes are DIY solutions when a user manually constructs and connects the smart devices. Typically, these solutions are offered “out of the box” and they do not need special settings.

However, professional systems that are called Custom Install are more interesting – professional companies install and configurate them, moreover, the project of such decisions is often discussed during the stage of construction of the house.

What we need to pay attention?

A smart home should not be initially designed as a standalone system. It is necessary to foresee ways of interaction with higher-level systems, e.g. control systems for buildings, emergency systems as well as systems of resource metering and systems of content delivery. It turns out that firstly it is necessary to have a possibility for interaction with the outside world, in order to provide the highest quality service which is provided to the user.

That is why design of a smart home system has the same importance as the design of the building in which the system is installed. Of course, if there’ll be an error, consequences will not be fatal, but periodic defects in the work of air conditioners and disconnection of water supply because of the improperly installed sensor leaks will not allow to use the room in a full way.

There is only one way to prevent possible problems: to create a project. Undoubtedly, there is a possibility that during the time of creation of drawing and putting the house in operation the owners may get additional requests, so the correct plan should always have the potential for some expansion of the system, so you won’t have to change everything that has been already done.

Smart home

Ideally, design of a smart home system should begin simultaneously with the design of the building (or apartment), because a fairly large number of electrical and signal cables are involved in this system, and there’ll be impossible to hide them under the plaster.

In addition, it is necessary to provide not only space for the equipment, which will definitely need ventilation, but also to hide hatches for access to the cable routes at key points. Thus,  on the initial stage of design an architect and an engineer should work together.

The first step in this work is the creation of a conceptual design. It should describe all tasks which this system will do. This information is needed for the preliminary selection of equipment, which details in turn  can affect the characteristics of the entire system.

The design of smart homes control is created based on the needs of the consumer. A response to each request is a device that performs a particular task. The combination of such devices is the periphery of the smart home. The component parts of the system are the sensors that provide information about the status of the objects of the physical world and actuators which provide the impact on the condition of the objects in real world according to the commands.

There are also networks of data collection, networks of distribution of the commands, that receive data from sensors and give commands to actuators, and a DCS, for example the condition of sensors and actuators.

There are some more main parts of the system of the smart home control which are the client application and the intellectual core which is a software system responsible for the work of smart devices.

It is important to remember that one of the important challenges is to ensure the connectivity of sensors and actuators with the core of the control system. The system of communication must provide a reliable identification of the active devices, must have enough bandwidth and must support the easy integration with new devices.

Home Automation

Ways of Organizing Smart Homes Network

There are three ways to organize smart homes network: to use wireless technologies, to lay special cables or to use power cables. There are two types of wireless systems: with a fixed topology and a mesh network. The first option is a classic network that is designed and deployed manually.

The second option is more promising and it is a network which can be configured by itself and it is based on the protocols like Z-Wave, ZigBee, Bluetooth and others. Wired systems are based on serial protocols like 1-wire. Their obvious disadvantage is the necessity of laying the special cables.

After gathering all the necessary information about the system you can make a technical  assignment for design, that is the second phase. It is important that the customer at the time of writing a technical task already has an understanding of the cost of the system and of the functions which it can provide.

After the preparation of the technical task the third stage comes, it is the development of a detailed project including all the documents: the set of construction drawings, equipment specification, schedule of works, etc. Installers, adjusters, an architect, a designer and other specialists work here together, that allows to take the wishes of the owners into account.

Smart HomeThe result of the work on the project is a complete set of documents about the established system that satisfy the needs of the owners and takes into account the specification of a particular house or apartment. The client receives a detailed equipment specification and functional diagrams, also he receives drawings, a magazine about cables, schemes of electrical and instrument cabinets, etc.

Today technological progress which brings new benefits and convenience to our lives has filled the daily life of every modern person with different innovations. These technological innovations also affect the spheres of life.

The natural human instinct to have a comfort was the reason of the development of a high-tech system, with the help of which it became possible to carry out centralized management of all house equipment. Proper design of systems and the use of technology allow to fully enjoy the advantages that the smart home offers  and to equip the home of your dreams.

Top 10 Interior Design Mistakes

Top 10 Interior Design Mistakes

The creation of a new interior is always not easy. We wish it’ll be both stylish and exquisite, beautiful and sophisticated. But at the same time it is important for the room to have the character of those people who will live inside, so it should be individual and special.

Of course in such an important matter it is impossible to avoid the mistakes! They are made not only by those people who are trying to create comfort with their own hands, but even by the experienced professional designers.

Here is 10 most frequent mistakes in design. I hope that knowing of what you shouldn’t do will help you to create more successful interior.

  1. Artificial plants:artificial plants

     

    Just once and for all say a decisive “no” to artificial flowers in the interior. Believe me, they would’t fit absolutely anywhere, there is no need to try to find a suitable place for them – they just need to be thrown out. The only exception is artificial trees for interior, but they need to be chosen very carefully!

 

  1. Furniture with upholstery which cannot be cleaned:wrong upholstery

    No matter how attractive a white velour sofa is in the interior of black and white living room and no matter if your family has perfectionism in terms of cleanliness, believe me the spots on the sofa will appear soon! So when you are choosing furniture always think about how you can clean the upholstery when it’s necessary!

 

  1. One-color interior:one color interior

    Beige room… Looks like a perfect option, right? But this interior looks boring and impersonal. The same applies to any other colors. It is much better not to use one color in the interior, but to use the combination of two or three shades.

 

  1. “Naked” windows:naked windows

    Only the design of apartments in the style of high-tech or loft involves the lack of windows (and even then not always), in any other cases, the window should be carefully and thoughtfully decorated.

 

  1. The lack of the light:poor lighting

    Any tricks for creating a perfect interior will be useless if the room has not enough light. The lighting aspect must be carefully thought out! Of course, the interior design of the bedroom and the interior design of the kitchen require totally different approaches to light.

 

  1. Too many accessories:too many accessories

    Of course, accessories and decorative elements give the room a lived-in appearance and a character of its inhabitants, but in the same time they can simply make the room cluttered and untidy. So remember that it’s important to do everything with a measure.

 

  1. Useless things:too many things

    Perhaps Hollywood celebrities think that it’s normal to decorate their huge home with incredible and totally useless installations and designer furniture, but in reality it’s just silly to fill the space of apartment with useless things.

 

  1. An apartment in the General style:boring interior

    In extremely rare cases it is possible to make several rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a hallway in the General style so that it will look stylish and not boring. Usually the rooms are just getting too similar and they lose the individuality.

 

  1. Wires in a visible place:untidy wires

    Believe me, there is no interiors which will look nice with the harnesses of wires which are stretching across the room. You should always (!) mask the cables!

 

  1. Too many photos:full of frames

    There’s no need to explain that, because too many pictures hanging on the walls look out of place in any interior.

 

What are the differences between interior architect and decorator?

What is the conflict between interior architect and decorator professions? Which line is separating their duties? What are their working principles? Which level of contribution they can create in an interior?

Since so many years, architects were also designing the interiors. According to the developing technology and the increment over social life, the need of interiors in different purposes was aroused. The functionalities of the interior, the purpose of use and user requests started to be effective over the interiors. The interiors were then designed by architects as shells and mostly over touched by decorators. The requirements over interiors created emerge of a profession which was always there but not named. There are still conflicts over the explanation of profession interior architecture, how it segregate itself from architecture and decoration. In this article, we will try to explain what interior architecture is and what an interior architect does?

What are the main differences between interior architecture and decoration?

interior design model 3d

Who is Interior Architect? What does an interior architect does?

Architects inspired by the depths of the history and the architectural history are opposed to the separation of architects both inside and out because most architects say that a structure is a complete and integral whole and that it must be designed together. In the contemporary world, there are some requirements in the interiors of some structures beyond the outside. In today’s world, contemporary structures can require very specific arrangements in the interior. Interior architects design interior spaces arranged independently from the outside in accordance with needs.

Interior architecture has become a separate occupational discipline in line with the needs of the time. An architect is obliged to cooperate with the interiors of the structure and the exterior.

Interior architect is a person who is capable of understanding the infrastructure of a building, designing the interiors, starting from the structure. An interior architect reorganizes and manages the structures and conducts all kinds of researches and designs in their projects. They work on the development and design work of the subjects belonging to the interiors.

Interior architecture is to organize all kinds of closed or semi-open spaces in a manner appropriate to the function of that space, without overlooking the structural and aesthetic values. In short, if it would define “Interior architecture is the art of adding meaning to the space.”

Interior architect needs to have a knowledge of physical requirements of an interior temperature, humidity level, and lighting, sound systems and etc., psychological requirements such as aesthetics, cultural levels, etc. of an interior.

An interior architect works as a team with architects, material providers, practitioners, artists and etc. Interior architecture is a team work, and the interior architect is the designer and the director of this duration starting from the research, till the last touches. An interior architect must complete this process in accordance with the art principles by taking account the wishes of the costumers and the economical possibilities.

Interior architecture is never to determine the location of the seats in the house, nor to place the purchased seats in their places.

Who is decorator? What does a decorator does?

interior architecture office

The word decoration is coming from “decoration” term in French. It is an ornament art based on beautifying the existing things. Decorator is a person who is not authorized to make changes over the structure of building. Decorator is a person who has a sense of art, has a broad point of perspective about aesthetics and help costumers about color combinations, furniture selection and accessories decisions to be used in the interiors.

In fact, decoration is the name given only by the interior architects to their practitioner team. The decorator is practitioners who move with the interior architect’s schedules in the direction of the fixtures they receive from the interior architects. Unfortunately, in so many places decoration is coincided with interior architecture.